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Your Guide to Properly Use a Diving Mask

Whether you’re a seasoned diver or a beginner exploring the underwater world, it’s crucial to know how to properly use a diving mask to ensure your safety and enhance your underwater experience. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the correct way to use a mask, common mistakes to avoid, and provide answers to frequently asked questions regarding mask usage.

Table of Contents
What is a Diving Mask?

A diving mask, also known as a snorkeling or scuba mask, is an essential piece of equipment that allows divers to see clearly underwater. It covers your eyes and nose, creating an air pocket that enables you to equalize pressure and see clearly while submerged.

Benefits of Using a Diving Mask

Using a mask offers several benefits that enhance your diving experience. Firstly, it provides a wide field of vision, allowing you to take in the breathtaking beauty of the underwater world. Additionally, a well-fitting mask prevents water from entering your eyes, ensuring optimal comfort and visibility throughout your dive. By using a mask, you can fully immerse yourself in the underwater environment and make the most of your diving adventures.

Choosing the Right Diving Mask
diving mask

A diving mask, also known as a snorkeling or scuba mask, is an essential piece of equipment that allows divers to see clearly underwater. It covers your eyes and nose, creating an air pocket that enables you to equalize pressure and see clearly while submerged. 

  • Fit : A properly fitting mask is essential to prevent leaks and ensure a tight seal. It should fit snugly but not uncomfortably against your face. Try on different masks to find the one that suits your face shape and size best.

  • Lens Type : Diving masks come with single or double lenses. Single-lens masks provide a wider field of vision, while double-lens masks offer betterperipheral vision. Choose the lens type based on your preference and diving requirements.

  • Mask SkirtThe skirt is the part of the mask that makes contact with your face. It should be made of high-quality silicone for durability and a comfortable fit. Consider the skirt’s design and color options as well.
  • Strap and Buckle : Look for a mask with an adjustable strap and easy-to-use buckle system. This allows you to customize the fit and ensures that the mask stays securely in place during your dive.
Preparing Your Mask for Use

Before using your diving mask, it’s essential to properly prepare it for optimal performance. Follow these steps :

  • Inspect the Mask : Check for any defects, scratches, or damages on the lens and skirt. Ensure there are no cracks or tears that could compromise the mask’s integrity. 
  • Clean the Mask : Thoroughly clean the mask with mild soap and water to remove any residue or debris. Rinse it well and allow it to air dry. Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners that could damage the mask. 
  • Defog the Mask : Apply a commercial defogging solution or a small amount of baby shampoo to the inside of the lens. Rub it gently with your finger to ensure full coverage. Rinse the mask with clean water to remove excess defogging solution.
Proper Technique for Wearing a Diving Mask

To wear a diving mask correctly, follow these steps :

  • Hold the Mask : Grasp the mask with both hands, positioning your thumbs on the top frame and your fingers on the skirt. 
  • Place the Mask : Tilt your head slightly forward and position the mask over your face. The strap should be at the back of your head.
  • Strap Adjustment : Adjust the strap by pulling it to achieve a secure and comfortable fit. Ensure the mask sits evenly on your face, without any gaps or pressure points.
  • Check the Seal : Breathe in gently through your nose to create a suction effect and check if the mask forms a tight seal against your face. If any air leaks in, adjust the strap or reposition the mask for a better fit.

Remember, a proper seal is essential to prevent water from entering the mask during your dive.

Equalizing Pressure with Your Mask

Equalizing pressure is crucial when diving to prevent discomfort and potential ear injuries. Here’s how to equalize pressure with your mask :

  • Pinch Your Nose : Use your fingers to pinch your nose gently, closing off your nostrils.
  • Blow Gently : Exhale gently through your nose while keeping your mouth closed. This action helps equalize the pressure in your ears and mask.

By equalizing pressure regularly during your descent, you can avoid discomfort and potential ear issues, such as barotrauma.

Clearing Water from Your Mask

It’s common for water to enter your mask during diving. Here’s how to clear it effectively:

  • Look Up : Tilt your head slightly backward, allowing the water to collect at the lowest point of the mask.
  • Lift the Bottom : With your thumb and forefinger, lift the bottom edge of the mask slightly to create a small opening.
  • Exhale Slowly : Exhale gently through your nose to release a small burst of air, pushing the water out through the bottom opening.
    Continue exhaling until all the water is cleared.

Remember to perform this clearing technique as needed during your dive to maintain clear vision and comfort.

diving mask

Cleaning and Maintaining Your Diving Mask

Proper cleaning and maintenance of your mask are essential to prolong its lifespan and ensure optimal performance. Follow these guidelines : 

  • Rinse After Each Dive : Rinse your mask with freshwater after each dive to remove saltwater, sand, and debris. Pay extra attention to the skirt and lens, ensuring they are thoroughly cleaned.
  • Store Properly : Store your mask in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Avoid placing heavy objects on top of it, as this could deform the mask.
  • Avoid Excessive Heat : Do not expose your mask to excessive heat, as it can cause the silicone skirt to deteriorate.

By following these maintenance practices, you can enjoy the benefits of your diving mask for years to come

Have Any Questions?

Yes, you can wear contact lenses with a  mask. However, it’s important to keep in mind that water exposure may cause discomfort or wash away your lenses. Consider using daily disposable lenses and consult your eye doctor for specific recommendations.

The lifespan of a diving mask depends on various factors, such as frequency of use, care, and storage conditions. Generally, it’s recommended to replace your mask every 1-3 years or sooner if you notice signs of wear, such as cracks or tears in the skirt.

It’s not advisable to share your diving mask with others due to hygiene reasons. Each person has a unique facial structure, and using a mask that doesn’t fit properly can lead to leaks and discomfort. It’s best to invest in a personal mask that fits you correctly.

If your mask fogs up underwater, it’s important to stay calm and not panic. One effective method to prevent fogging is to apply an anti-fog solution or saliva to the inside of the lens before your dive. Additionally, avoid touching the inside of the lens as oils from your fingers can contribute to fogging.

Diving without a mask is not recommended. A mask not only provides clear vision but also protects your eyes from debris, irritants, and potential injury. It’s essential to wear a diving mask for your safety and enjoyment while exploring the underwater world.

Yes, you can wear glasses with a diving mask by choosing a mask with prescription lenses or using specially designed inserts. These options allow you to enjoy clear vision underwater while wearing your glasses.


Properly using a diving mask is essential for a safe and enjoyable underwater adventure. By choosing the right mask, preparing it correctly, and following the proper techniques for wearing, equalizing pressure, and clearing water, you can enhance your diving experience. Remember to clean and maintain your mask regularly to ensure its longevity. By following these guidelines and addressing frequently asked questions, you’re well-equipped to use a diving mask correctly and explore the wonders beneath the surface of the water.


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